Escambia Martial Arts

Escambia Martial Arts

Respect, Health, Community and Personal Developement

English

Korean

Fighting Arts

Martial Arts

Kyuki-Do

Kyuki-Do

Kyuk- spark or sudden explosion, Ki- mental/physical/spiritual energy, Do- art/way/method

Mudo

Korean term for the warrior's path or way (Budo in Japanese)

TaeKwon-Do

Korean martial art using the hands and feet in self-defense

Judo

Means "gentle way", the art of grappling, throwing and ground fighting

Hapki-Do

Korean art of joint locks, pressure points, and pain compliance

Ma Eum

Mind

Meum

Body

Jung Shin

Spirit

 

 

General Terminology

Foot

Bal (emphasize softly)

Leg

Da-ri

Arm

Pal (emphasize hard)

Neck

Mok

Forearm

Pal-mok

Fist

Joo-mok

Hand

Sohn

Right

Orun

Left

Wen

Right foot

Orun-bal

Left foot

Wen-bal

Block

Makgi (mak-gi)

Strike

Chirugi (chi-ru-gi) or Darigi (deh-ri-gi)

Kick

Chagi (cha-gi)

Knife hand

Sohn-kal

Ridge hand

Yok Sohn-kal

Fingers

Sohn-garak

Finger tip

Sohn-ggut

Stance

Sogi

Front

Ahp

Side

Yop

Back

Dwi (dwee)

Inward

Anuro (an-u-ro)

Outward

Pakuro (pak-gu-ro)

Upward

Wi (wee)

Downward

Naeryo (neh-rhee-o)

Sparring

Daeryun (deh-rhee-uhn)

Free sparring (free fighting)

Chayu Daeryon

Free style 1 steps

Chayu ilbo daeryon

1 step sparring

Ilbo daeryon

2 step sparring

E-bo daeryon

3 step sparring

Sambo daeryon

Attention

Charyot

Bow

Kyung-nyeh

Salute to the Flags

Kukiyeh daehaiyo kyung-nyeh, paro

Ready

Joon-bi

Stop

Keu-man

Begin

Shi-jak

Return (eyes front)

Paro

At ease, rest

She-yot

Meditation

Bahn-song

Kneel down

Murrup gulta

Sit down

Ahn-jo

Stand up

Eero-su

Director

Kwanjang-nim

Instructor

Sahbum-nim

Student

Jeja

Degree

Dan

Degree holder

Yudanja

Grade

Kup

Grade holder

Yukupja

Uniform

Dobok

Uniform top

Sang-wee

Uniform bottom

Ha-wee

Belt

Dee

Training hall

Dojang

Yell/shout

Kihap

Forms

Hyung

About face

Dwee-ro dora

Change (switch)

Kyodae

Flag

Kuki

Korean flag

Taeguk ki

Korean alphabet

Han-Gul

Rising (upward) arc hand block

Wi pahndal sohn makgi

9-shape block

Kutcha makgi

 

 

Stances

Stance

Sogi

Open stance

Palcha sogi (feet turned outward)

Closed stance

Moa sogi  (heels touching, toes outward slightly)

Vertical stance

Soo jik sogi  (feet close together but not touching)

Parallel stance

Narani sogi

One-legged stance

Hak dari sogi  (leg up in chamber position)

Front stance

Ahp Sogi

Horse stance

Kima Sogi

Back stance

Dwi sogi (dui sogi)

Cat stance (rear foot stance)

Goyangi sogi  (dui bal sogi)

X-stance

Kyocha sogi

Fixed stance

Kyojang sogi

Ready Stance

Joon-bi Sogi

Closed ready stance

Moa joon-bi sogi

Open ready stance

Palcha joon-bi sogi

Fighting stance

Daeryon sogi

 

 

Blocking

Blocking

Makgi (mak-gi)

Low section block

Ha-dan makgi

Mid-section block

Chung-dan makgi

High section block

Sang-dan makgi

Guarding block

Daebi makgi

Forearm block

Palmok makgi

Inward forearm block

Anuro palmok makgi

Outward forearm block

Pakuro (bakuro) palmok makgi

Inner forearm block to the outside

Pakuro ahn palmok makgi

Twin forearm block (box block)

Sang sohn palmok makgi

Double forearm block (augmented)

Dool palmok makgi

High inner forearm/low forearm block

Sang-dan ahn palmok makgi/ha-dan palmok makgi

Wedging forearm block

Hecho palmok makgi

X-forearm block

Kyocha palmok makgi

W-shape block

San makgi

Circular scooping block

Tollyo turo (doo-ro) makgi

X-fist block

Kyocha joomok makgi

Pressing block

Noolyo Makgi

X-fist pressing block

Kyocha joomok noolyo makgi

Knife hand block

Sohn-kal makgi

Double knife hand block

Dool sohn-kal makgi

Twin knife hand block (box block)

Sang sohn-kal makgi

Wedging (spreading) knife hand block

Hecho sohn-kal makgi

X-knife hand block

Kyocha sohn-kal makgi

Reverse knife hand (ridge hand) block

Yok sohn-kal makgi

Hooking block

Golcho makgi

Palm heel block

Sohn-bahdok makgi

Palm heel pressing block

Sohn-bahdok noolyo makgi

High-low palm heel pressing block

Sang-dan/ha-dan sohn-bahdok noolyo makgi

Palm heel pushing block

Sohn-bahdok miro makgi

Palm heel scooping block

Sohn-bahdok turo (doo-ro) makgi

U-shape block (pole or staff block)

Mongdungi makgi

U-shape grasp (pole or staff grab)

Mongdungi chopgi

Waist block

Hori makgi

Arc hand block

Pahndal sohn makgi

Double arc hand block

Tu pahndal sohn makgi

Rising (upward) arc hand block

Wi pahndal sohn makgi

9-shape block

Kutcha makgi

 

 

Strikes

Strikes

Chirugi/Darigi

Fore fist punch

Ahp joomok chirugi

Reverse fore fist punch

Bahndae ahp joomok chirugi

Horizontal punch

Supyong chirugi

Vertical punch

Sewo joomok chirugi

Twin vertical punch

Sang sohn sewo joomok chirugi

Hammer fist strike

Meh joomok chirugi

Back fist strike

Deung joomok darigi

Spin back fist strike

Dwi tollyo deung joomok darigi

Uppercut strike (upset punch)

Twijibo (di ji bo) darigi

Turning punch

Tollyo ahp joomok darigi

Four knuckle fist strike

Pyung joomok chirugi

Under fist strike

Meh joomok darigi

Fore knuckle upset punch (1st knuckle)

Inji joomok chirugi

Twin uppercut strike

Sang sohn joomok twijibo (di ji bo)

Middle knuckle strike

Joon ji joomok chirugi

Knife hand strike

Sohn-kal darigi

Vertical knife hand strike

Sewo Sohn-kal darigi

Spinning knife hand strike

Dwi tollyo sahn-kal darigi

Open backhand strike

Dwi sohn deung darigi

Thumb strike

Om ji sohn-garak darigi

Palm Heel strike

Sohn-badak chirugi

Arc hand strike

Pandal sohn chirugi

Spear hand strike

Sohn-ggut chirugi

Spear hand strike- palm up

Twijibo (di ji bo) sohn-ggut chirugi

Spear hand upper cut strike

Sohn-ggut di ji bo darigi

Twin spear hand upper cut strike

Sang sohn-ggut di ji bo darigi

Flat spear hand strike

Sohn meh dee chirugi

Vertical spear hand strike

Sewo sohn-ggut chirugi

Single spear finger strike

Sohn-garak hana chirugi

Double spear finger strike

Sohn-garak dool chirugi

Ridge hand strike

Yok sohn-kal darigi

Ridge hand strike- inward

Anuro yok sohn-kal darigi

Ridge hand strike- outward

Pakuro (bakuro) yok sohn-kal darigi

Elbow strike

Palkumchi darigi

Front elbow strike

Ahp palkumchi darigi

Side elbow strike

Yop palkumchi darigi

Back elbow strike (towards rear)

Dwi palkumchi darigi

Rising elbow strike (upward)

Wi palkumchi darigi

Downward elbow strike

Naeryo palkumchi darigi

U-shape punch (attack)

De gutcha chirugi

Neck grab

Mok chopgi

Head grab

Kol chopgi

 

 

Kicks

Kicks

Chagi

Front stretch kick

Ahp chaolliki

Side stretch kick

Yop choalliki

Back stretch kick

Dwi choalliki

Front kick

Ahp Chagi

Double front kick

Dool ahp chagi

Crescent kick (inside to outside)

Ahp yok tollyo chagi

Crescent kick (outside to inside)

Ahp tollyo chagi

Spinning crescent kick (inside to outside)

Dwi ahp yok tollyo chagi

Rear leg crescent kick (outside to inside)

De bal ahp tollyo chagi

Rear leg crescent kick (inside to outside)

De bal ahp yok tollyo chagi

Rear leg crescent kick (inside to outside)

De bal ahp yok tollyo chagi

Side kick

Yop chagi

Step behind side kick

Bpal-diro omgyo yop chagi

Side kick ready position

Yop chagi joon-bi

Double side kick

Dool yop chagi

Rear leg side kick

De bal yop chagi

Spin side kick

Dwi yop chagi

Pushing side kick

Miro yop chagi

Kneeling side kick 

Murrup yop chagi

Roundhouse kick

Tollyo (dollio) Chagi

Step in front roundhouse kick

Yupuro omgyo tollyo chagi

Rear leg roundhouse kick

De bal tollyo chagi

Back kick

Dwi chagi

Kneeling back kick

Murrup dwi chagi

Hook kick

Golcho chagi

Spinning hook kick

Dwi golcha chagi

Spinning heel kick (back wheel kick)

Dwi tollyo chagi

Kneeling spinning heel kick (spin reap)

Murrup gura tollyo chagi

Twisting kick

Bpi-turyo chagi

Axe kick

Gi go chagi

Pressing kick

Noolyo chagi

Consecutive kick

Yonsok chagi

Jumping Kicks

Dwi-myo Chagi

Jumping side kick

Dwi-myo yop chagi

Jumping front kick

Dwi-myo ahp chagi

Jumping roundhouse kick

Dwi-myo tollyo chagi

Double jumping kicks

Dool dwi-myo É (ahp, yop, dwi, etc.)

Jump hook kick

Dwi-myo golcha chagi

Jump spinning back kick

Dwi-myo dwi chagi

Jump spinning hook kick

Dwi-myo dwi golcha chagi

Jump spin crescent kick

Dwi-myo dwi bandal chagi

Tornado kick (jump spin crescent)

T'ae poong chagi

Jump spin roundhouse kick

Dwi-myo dwi tollyo chagi

 

 

Commands of Direction and Speed

Left

Wen

Right

Orun

Vertical

Sewo

Horizontal 

Supyong

Turning

Tolki

Jumping turn

Dwi-myo tolki

360 degree jumping turn

Dwi-myo som baek yookship do

Technique

Kisool (key-sool)

Position

Cha-say

Fast techniques

Bal-ee kisool

Slow techniques

Chun-chun-nee kisool

Perform in a slow tense motion

Nuhlin kisool

Perform in a fast motion

Bahrun kisool

Maintaining position

Goo-day-ro cha-say

Maintaining hand position

Goo-day-ro sohn cha-say

Slow pushing

Tahn-jeon

Step in front

Yopuro omgyo (yop-u-ro)

Step behind

Bal-diro omgyo

 

 

Counting

1

Hana

2

Dool 

3

Set

4

Net

5

Tasot

6

Yosot

7

Ilgope

8

Yadul

9

Ahope

10

Yol

20

Soomul

30

Solhum

40

Mahun

50

Swin

60

Yesun

70

Ilhun

80

Yodun

90

Ahun

100

Il-baek

 

 

Tournament

Tournament

Si hap or kyung ki

Tournament Director

Si hap kwanjang-nim

Judge

Sim pahn

Score

Jum soo

Time Out

Jung ji

Winner

Seung ja

1st place

Il deung

2nd place

I deung (pronounced 'ee' deung)

3rd place

Sam deung

 

 

Miscellaneous

Thank you

Kahm sa hab ni da

You're welcome

Hwan young hab ni da